How to Choose an Insect Repellent for Your Child - HealthyChildren.org

Mosquito bites, flies and ticks can make your children have a hard time. Although most children only have mild reactions to insect bites, some can become seriously ill.

One way to protect your child from insect bites is to use insect repellents. However, it is important to use insect repellants safely and correctly.

Continue reading for more information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on repellent types, DEET, Repellents and other ways to protect your child from insect bites.

Types of repellents

Insect repellents come in many forms, including sprays, atomizers, liquids, creams And bars. Some are made of chemicals and some contain natural ingredients.

Insect repellents prevent stinging insect bites but not stinging insects. Biting insects include mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, chiggers, and flies. Insect pests include bees, hornets and wasps. Chemical repellents with DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide)

> Considered the best defense against biting insects

About 2 to 5 hours depending on the DEET concentration of the product.

Care should be taken when applying DEET to children (see "Recommendations for the safe use of repellents").

In April 2005, the Centers for Disease Control And Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended other repellents that can be as effective as DEET: repellents with icaridin and repellents containing lemon eucalyptus oil or 2% soybean oil. At present these products have a time of action that is comparable to 10% of the time of the DEET approximately

About 3 to 8 hours depending on concentration

Although these products are considered safe when used according to recommendations, there are no long-term follow-up studies. In addition, further studies are needed to determine their effectiveness in repelling ticks. Allergic reactions are uncommon, but can occur when repellents are made from essential oils.

Repellents made with essential oils found in plants such as citronella, cedar, Eucalyptus and soybeans

Usually less than 2 hours

Chemical repellents with permethrin

These repellents kill ticks on contact

When applied to clothing, it lasts even after several washes

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Only apply to clothing, not directly on the skin. Can be applied to camping gear such as sleeping bags or tents

NOTE: The following types of repellents are not effective:

Li> Bracelets containing chemical repellents Garlic or vitamin B1 taken by mouth. Ultrasonic devices that emit sound waves designed to ward off insects. Houses for birds or bats. Garden gadgets that "electrocute" insects (in fact, they can attract insects into your garden).

About Of DEET

DEET is a chemical used in insect repellents. The amount of DEET contained in insect repellents varies from product to product, so it is important that you read the label of any product you use. The amount of DEET can range from less than 10% to more than 30%. An amount of DEET above 30% does not offer any additional protection.

The AAP recommends that repellents used in children should not contain more than 30% of DEET. Insect repellents are not recommended for children under 2 months of age.

Recommendations for safe use of repellents

What to do:

  • Apply insect repellent only on the outside of your child's clothing and on exposed skin Note: Products containing permethrin should not be applied to the skin.
  • Use only the amount of repellent needed to cover your child's clothing and exposed skin.
  • The use of a greater amount of repellent does not make it more effective. Avoid re-applying repellent unless necessary.
  • Help young children apply insect repellent. Supervise older children when using these products.
  • Wash your child's skin with soap and water to remove any remaining repellent when he returns to the interior of the house, and wash his clothes before Reuse it.

Do not:

  • Never apply insect repellent to children under 2 months old.
  • Never spray Insect repellent directly on the face of your child. Instead, spray a little on your hands and then apply it on your child's face. Avoid contact with eyes and mouth.
  • Do not spray insect repellent on cuts, wounds or irritated skin.
  • Do not use products that combine DEET with sunscreen. DEET can make the sun protection factor (SPF) less effective. These products may cause too much DEET to be applied to the child because the sunscreen should be re-applied frequently

Reactions to insect repellents

The information contained in this website should not be used as a substitute for the advice and medical care of your pediatrician. There may be many variations in treatment that your pediatrician could recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

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