Uterine fibroids | UF Health, University of Florida Health

Fibroids pushing in endometrial cavity

Uterine fibroids are tumors that grow in a woman's womb (uterus). These growths are typically cancerous (benign).

Alternative Names

Leiomyoma; Fibromyoma; Myoma; Fibroids

Causes

Uterine fibroids are common. As many as 1 in 5 women may have fibroids during their childbearing years. Half of all women have fibroids by age 50.

Fibroids are rare in women under age 20. They are more common in African-Americans than White.

Video: Uterine fibroids < H2>

No one knows exactly what causes fibroids. They are thought to be caused by:

  • Hormones in the body
  • Genes (may run in families)

Fibroids can be So tiny that you need a microscope to see them. They can also grow very large. They may fill the entire uterus and may weigh several pounds. Although it is possible for just 1 fibroid to develop, most often there is more than 1.

Fibroids can grow:

  • In the muscle wall of the uterus (myometrial)
  • Just under the surface of the uterine lining (submucosal)
  • Just under the outside lining of the uterus The uterus or inside the uterus (pedunculated)

Symptoms

Common symptoms of uterine fibroids are: Bleeding between periods

Heavy bleeding during your period, sometimes with blood clots Periods that may last longer than normal Pelvic cramping Or pain with periods Feeling fullness or pressure in your lower belly Pain during intercourse

Often, you can have fibroids and do not have any Symptoms Your health care provider may find them during a physical exam or other test. Fibroids often shrink and cause no symptoms in women who have gone through menopause. A recent study also showed that small fibroids shrink in premenopausal women.

Exams and Tests

Fibroids are not always easy to diagnose. Being obese may make fibroids harder to detect. You may need these tests to look for fibroids:

  • Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of the uterus / Li>
  • Saline infusion sonogram (hysterosonography): Saline is injected into the uterus to make it easier to see the uterus using ultrasound
  • Hysteroscopy uses a long, thin tube inserted through the vagina and into the Uterus to examine the inside of the uterus
  • Endometrial biopsy removes a small piece of the lining of the uterus to check for cancer if you have unusual bleeding Treatment
  • Your symptoms
  • Your general health
  • Li> Type of fibroids
  • If you are pregnant
  • If you want children in the future
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs) that releas And hormones to help reduce heavy bleeding and pain
  • Tranexamic acid to reduce the amount of blood flow
  • Iron supplements to prevent or treat anemia due to heavy periods
  • Pain relievers such as ibuprofen or naprosyn for cramps or pain
  • Hormone therapy shots to help shrink fibroids (done only for short time)
  • Watchful waiting. You may have pelvic exams or ultrasounds every once in a while to check the fibroid's growth

National Uterine Fibroid Foundation - www.nuff.org

Outlook (Prognosis)

If you have fibroids without symptoms, you may not need treatment. > If you have fibroids, they may grow if you become pregnant. This is due to the increased blood flow and higher estrogen levels. The fibroids usually return to their original size after your baby is born.

Possible Complications

Complications of fibroids include: Severe pain or very heavy Bleeding that needs emergency surgery.

Twisting of the fibroid. This can cause blocked blood vessels that feed the tumor. You may need surgery if this happens. Anemia (not having enough red blood cells) from heavy bleeding. Urinary tract infections: If fibroid presses on the bladder, it can be If you are pregnant, there is a small risk that fibroids may cause complications:
  • You may deliver your baby early because there is not enough room in your womb.
  • If the fibroid blocks the birth canal or puts the baby in a dangerous position, you may need to have To C-section.
  • You may have heavy bleeding right after giving birth

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if You have: Images

References

Ferri FF. Uterine fibroids. In: Ferri FF, ed. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016 . Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2016.1271-2.

Gupta JK, Sinha A, Lumsden MA, Hickey M. Uterine artery embolization for symptomatic uterine fibroids. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2014; 12: CD005073. PMID: 25541260 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25541260.

Katz VL. Benign gynecologic lesions: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct, ovary. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012: chap 18.

Panagiotopoulou N, Nethra S, Karavolos S, Ahmad G, Karabis A, Burls A. Uterine-sparing minimally invasive interventions in women with uterine fibroids: a systematic review and indirect treatment comparison meta-analysis. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand . 2014; 93 (9): 858-67. PMID: 24909191 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24909191.

Rodriguez MI, Warden M, Darney PD. Intrauterine progestins, progesterone antagonists, and receptor modulators: a review of gynecologic applications. Am J Obstet Gynecol . 2010; 202 (5): 420-8. PMID: 20031112 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20031112.

Related:

  • Nina Heard Astin Charitable Trust - Foundation Grants - Wells Fargo

    Nina Heard Astin Charitable Trust - Foundation Grants - Wells Fargo

    Astin's Trust continues to make life better in Brazos Valley and is a great example of a lasting legacy for all to follow. Applications should be submitted by July 31 to be reviewed at the annual grant meeting that takes place each September.
    Wise casino advices

    Wise casino advices

    Tips casino players online You need to understand the difference between traditional casinos and online casinos. Still, the main goal, anyway, is to get a prize and the opportunity to become rich without putting an effort.
    Does online slots has the same probability chances as landbased once?

    Does online slots has the same probability chances as landbased once?

    People cannot master the laws of probability in order to win, as opposed to what they can do in blackjack. Slots are driven by the same random numbers as the casino games that are available on land.
  • France Inflation Rate | 1958-2017 | Date | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

    France Inflation Rate | 1958-2017 | Date | Chart | Calendar | Forecast

    The harmonized index of consumer prices rose 1.4 percent from the previous year and by 0.1 percent month-over-month . In contrast, downward price pressure was recorded for manufactured goods (-0.7 percent from -1 percent).
    True Love Exists!

    True Love Exists!

    Moreover, for the first time, Ivy and David even did not see each other, due to the fact that their communication was online. It should be noticed that these two people began relations just as friends, as they lived in different countries.
    Nina Lafarga - Collective

    Nina Lafarga - Collective

    A: Red Q: Favorite Broadway Show A: In The Heights Grinch.mostly cause I have to watch the cartoon movie every year on Christmas. Q: What is the best advice you have ever given? A: Do not worry about what other people think of you.
  • Materia_Medica_Overview_Part_2

    Materia_Medica_Overview_Part_2

    Do not exhaust the kidneys by causing them to wrung out like a washcloth, as with pharmaceutical diuretics. It removes mucous nicely. - Use in croup, whooping cough, asthma, bronchial spasms, asthmatic paroxysms.
    4 Star Hotel near Paris airport | Hyatt Paris CDG

    4 Star Hotel near Paris airport | Hyatt Paris CDG

    Ideally located near Paris main airport, the Hyatt Regency Paris Charles de Gaulle is a perfect choice for business or leisure travelers alike, in one of the most dynamic areas of Paris.
    Innovative Cloud Lead Management System to Be Released by Voiptime

    Innovative Cloud Lead Management System to Be Released by Voiptime

    Head of Sales will be able to track lead statuses, assign new leads to staff members and monitor communication process. Information about all clients may be shared within sales team and passed easily from one Sales Agent to another.
  • Camino Frances de Santiago Stages Guide The French Way Pilgrimage Route Spain

    Camino Frances de Santiago Stages Guide The French Way Pilgrimage Route Spain

    You can get to Bayonne by train from Pamplona, It is the main station for Biarritz and then it is just a short journey to St Jean. The Camino Frances is extremely safe, so safe that many will start on their own; You will meet and talk to others from day one.
    La Niña Events May Spike with Climate Change

    La Niña Events May Spike with Climate Change

    Results showed that extreme La Niña events may soon strike about every 13 years, as opposed to every 23 years, as they do now. It is the counterpart of El Niño, which is Spanish for "little boy" and involves unusually warm waters in the same area.

    Moment of Truth | Medic Scribe

    Diabetic, Triple AAA, GI bleed, or a vagaled constipation? 5,4,3,2,1 ... the answer is not always the answer. The woman groaned and was alert enough to complain of severe abdominal pain, as well as pain in the back.

Comments