Zompist bboard & bull; View topic - Saying & quot; how are you? & Quot; In Classical Nahuatl

This article is written in English and Spanish

By Pedro de Arenas (first printed some time before 1611). The first section is "words of salutation", and I think I might as well quote / translate the whole thing.

God be in this house.
Ma toTecuiyo Dios nican amochantzinco moyetztie.

God is with all. Ma toTecuiyo Dios amotlan moyetztie.

"God be with you." Ma God motlan moyetztie.
"God be with you."

In ora buena esteis.
Ma

Ihuian pacca xie.
"Be peaceful." (ihuian and pacca are synonyms meaning "peacefully / gently / slowly"; cf moyolicahtzin below)
Quen tinemi?
"How are you?"

A lot has not been seen.
Ye heucauhtica in ahmo nimitzitta.
"Long time no see."

You have health. Ticpactica.
"You're happy."

Ic nipahpaqui on.
"That makes me happy."

P>

I wonder why. Ic ninotequipachohua on.
"That worries me."

And you, and so, and c. Auh in tehuatl & c.
"And as for you (whoever), etc."

How are you? Quen tica? "How are you?" (Apparently synonymous with Quen tinemi ?)

I am very happy to see you. Cenca ic nipaqui inic onmitzittac. Tichicahuac.
"You are strong."

With health. > Tipactinemi.
"You are happy."

Stay with God. Ma God motlan mocahua.
"May God remain with you."

God keep you from all evil. Ma God mitzmopieli inipan ixquich ahmo qualli.
"May God protect you from all bad things."

In a modern Huasteca Nahuatl they use piyali which I assume is derived from this.)

God gives you what is good for your service.

Some other greetings are mentioned in Carochi's grammar (1645)

(Ma) moyolicahtzin. (pl: (Ma) amoyolicahtzin)
(Lit. "may you ... peacefully / slowly / Gently ")
This, Carochi says, can be used to greet someone who is coming or going or staying. So I guess it's like "aloha."

Ma nican timohuicatz.
"Welcome." (Literally just the polite form of "come here")

Carochi also confirms that "quen tica" was actually used to mean "how are you". (He gives the polite version quen timoyetztica .) There might be other greetings scattered in Carochi, it's not easily searchable.

Apparently both quen optimixtonaltih and quen optimotlathuiltih can be used to mean "good morning". The second one literally means "how have you dawned?", Which is odd because "dawn" is an impersonal verb. I do not think ixtona is attested outside of this phrase but it probably means the same thing. I do not cite primary sources for these - it's probably in Carochi too but I can not find it.

I agree that "cualli (time of day)" sounds wrong. "Axtlen" might be real but it sounds modern rather than classical.

Related:

  • An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie

    An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie

    In general, only the information you provide, or the choices you make while visiting a web site, can be stored in a cookie. If your computer's clock shows a date before 1 Jan 1970, the browser will automatically forget the cookie.
    Wise casino advices

    Wise casino advices

    Tips casino players online You need to understand the difference between traditional casinos and online casinos. Still, the main goal, anyway, is to get a prize and the opportunity to become rich without putting an effort.
    Do you know how to get rich on bets?

    Do you know how to get rich on bets?

    How to do that a lot of people knows, but not everyone knows how to do it correctly and with minimal losses. The main desire of all players who make bets - is an opportunity to win as soon as possible.
  • What Got Mark Hamill to Return to the Star Wars Galaxy?

    What Got Mark Hamill to Return to the Star Wars Galaxy?

    While Luke will probably have a key role to play in the new movies, it’s certain the new actors will dominate the storyline. He felt he needed to know what all those years have done to Luke even if the material doesn’t get told in the actual movie.
    True Love Exists!

    True Love Exists!

    Moreover, for the first time, Ivy and David even did not see each other, due to the fact that their communication was online. It should be noticed that these two people began relations just as friends, as they lived in different countries.
    The first capital of casinos

    The first capital of casinos

    The reputation of Macao as the place of the famous casinos, brothels and clans triads selling opium was born in the 18th century. And it lasted until the 60s of the 20th century, while a powerful businessman Stanley Ho became interested in the region.
  • South Korea's New President Sees 'High Possibility' Of Conflict With North Korea

    South Korea's New President Sees 'High Possibility' Of Conflict With North Korea

    North Korea is also stepping up diplomatic actions to seek support and understanding from other countries over its missile launch. And despite United Nations' economic sanctions against a country that has always been shrouded in secrecy, Kim remains undaunted.
    KRK insults Irrfan Khan in his latest tweets

    KRK insults Irrfan Khan in his latest tweets

    The latest update on Hindi Medium is that, the film has now been made tax-free by the government of Maharashtra and Gujrat. And this Hindi Medium trailer is very fantastic , and it has received all positive reactions.
    Election Results | American Legion Auxiliary New Mexico Girls State

    Election Results | American Legion Auxiliary New Mexico Girls State

    Elected Mayor Chabrielle Allen < Chief Councilwoman Alexis Torres City Councilwoman Autumn Pearson ... < / Strong> Pennypacker, & amp; < < Sergeant-At-Arms < Councilwoman Schmidt Salazar, Turpin, Torres, Boone, Martinez, Spaulding, Rivera, Sanchez, Strong> Schmidt, Ogaz, Furphy, Sanchez, Schmidt, & Program
  • Bachelor party in Kiev — unforgettable impressions are guaranteed

    Bachelor party in Kiev — unforgettable impressions are guaranteed

    Spectacular dancers will complement the spectacular dance of any composition, leaving an unforgettable impression in your memory. A special chic to the club is given by colorful and incendiary performances, over which a professional choreographer works.

    Sheriff: 1 dead after tornado hits Wisconsin trailer park

    The National Weather Service says its preliminary damage rating for the tornado that destroyed the trailer park was a strong EF2. There were 58 trailer lots in the park, and as many as eight trailers in a north lot escaped major damage, Fitzgerald said.
    From the Real to the Digital: Things We Used to Do in Real life That Now Thrive Online

    From the Real to the Digital: Things We Used to Do in Real life That Now Thrive Online

    Our top tip: For real money gaming, you can check bgo or you can test out some of the free play options available on Facebook. With this in mind, we've compiled a list of things we used to do in real life that we now do (more impressively) online.

Comments

Other news