*** NAHUATL COURSE *** - Page 2 - UniLang

LESSON 9

Niltze everybody, welcome to lesson number 9!
In this lesson we are going to go on with verbs and their conjugation in present tense. In lesson number 9, we saw how to conjugate transitive verbs like Palehuia and Nequi . Here's another example:

IHTA (to see / he or she sees)

Niquihta (I see him / her / it)
Tiquihta You see him / her / it)
Quihta (He or she sees him / her / it)
Tiquihtah (We see him / her / it)
Quihtah (They see him / her / it)

Here we have more transitive verbs for you to memorize and conjugate this way:

Chihua = = To buy
Tlapaloa = to greet / say hello
I = to drink
Pohua = to count
Amoxpohua / Amapohua = to read
Mati = to know
Cui = to grab
Tlazohtla = to love
Cua = to eat
Pehua = to start

Now we are going to learn how to conjugate intransitive verbs. These are the verbs that usually do not need an object, like "live" or "sleep". To conjugate them, we are going to follow the same rules of the transitive verbs, except that we are going to ignore the object (c / qui). We only have the conjugation pronoun and the verb. Nehuatl ninemi (I live)
Tehuatl tinemi (you live)

NEMI )
Yehuatl nemi (he or she lives)
Tehuan tinemih (we live)
Anmehuan Annemi (you all live)
Yehuan nemih (they live)

I think this Is the easiest kind of verbs. Here we have a few more intransitive verbs:

Cochi = to sleep
Yauh = to go (irregular verb, in the plural the conjugation is "yahui", so tiyahui, anyahui and yahuih) > Ahci = to arrive
Tequiti = to work
Paqui = to be happy, well
Maybe = to go out

Nimo / Nino (I, to myself)
Timo (you, to yourself)
Mo (he / she, to himself / - Anmo (you, to yourselves) - Mo (they, to themselves)

As you see, they do not change dramatically. We are just adding some extra particles to the original pronouns. And these are very important because we are also going to use them when conjugating verbs with respect / courtesy. Nehuatl ninoaltia = I take a bath (I bath myself)
Tehuatl timoaltia = you take a bath (you bath yourself)
Yehuatl Mohali = he or she takes a bath (he baths himself)
Tehuan titoaltiah = we take a bath (we bath ourselves)
Anmehuan anmoaltiah = you take a bath (ye bath yourselves)
Yehuan moaltiah = They take a bath (they bath themselves)

Got the idea? It's easy, is not it? The only problem here, is that as you see, reflexive verbs in Nahuatl are not always reflexive verbs in English or Spanish (although it does share more of these with Spanish (ex: I bathe), so it's a good reference). Here we have a few more reflective verbs:

Mahtequia = to wash one's hands
Machtia = to study (if conjugated as transitive, it means "to teach". Are actually saying "I teach myself", which would be the Nahuatl equivalent to "to study")
Cactia = to put shoes on
Teca = to lie down / go to bed
Cocoa = to get sick

So there you have all three different kinds of verbs, in present tense. It's not hard, is it?
Now let's go back to transitive verbs. Remember we have only seen the object "c / qui" (to him / her / it)? Well, now we are going to see two indefinite objects:

TE - This object refers to "(to) somebody" or "(to) people", an object you can Not completely identify. It's not him or her, it's just ... "somebody, I do not know who". Remember the word "temachtiani"? It means "teacher", because "machtia" means "to teach", machtiani "the one who teaches", and temachtiani "the one who teaches people". So there's our "te" object in action. Let's conjugate "palehuia" (see lesson 9) with "te":

Nitepalehuia = I help somebody / I help people
Titepalehuia = you help somebody / you help people
Tepalehuia = he or She helps somebody / helps people
Titepalehuiah = we help somebody / we help people
Antepalehuiah = you all help somebody / you all help people
Tepalehuiah = they help somebody / they help people

The second indefinite object is:

TLA - This is the same as "te", except that it is used for referring to things or objects. So it roughly means "(to) something / (to) things". Tlacua = I eat (something, I just eat)
Titlacua = you eat (something)
Tlacua = He or she eats (something)
Titlacuah = we eat (something)
Antitlacuah = you all eat (something)
Tlacuah = they eat (something)

Two extra words:
Tlahtoani = leader, governor, "the one who carries the word"
Nacatl = flesh, meat

Thank you all for following, have a nice week!

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